the USSR: BELARUS
More International Mail.
As indicated on page 2, separate 'foreign' rates evolved for former
USSR countries (CIS), and for the rest of the world (ROW).
The rate for CIS countries remained at 1
rouble until at least January
1993, but was 20r
by June of that year. In January and June 1994 the rate was 120
roubles, at least to Russia,
though a series of covers to Kazakstan in March shows a 180r
rate with a violet TP mark .
Three instances of franked [metered] mail to Ukraine from August to
December 1994 show a 90r rate
Another consequence of the break-up of the USSR was that all the former
constituent republics now had the status of 'foreign' countries. This
meant that postal markings, including registration marks should appear
in the Latin alphabet 42,
as for the rest of the world, rather than Cyrillic 43
No further instances have been found of postal stationery with
revaluation overprints on mail to CIS countries, although a 600r air
mail PSE was produced in 1993 (see 45
Other recorded rates to CIS countires are as follows (I do not know
whether these are basic weight rates):
August 1994 - 600r; August 1996 - 1100r; - both to Russia.
December 1994 to Tadjikistan - 700r; May 1995 to Ukraine - 900r;
October 1995 - 1100r; Sept 1996 - 2500r; March 1997 - 3300r.
Rest of the World Mail.
Back on page 3 the last airmail rate covered was 25 roubles in January
I first saw the surcharge in 44
in a distribution from a new issue dealer, and I was immediately
doubtful of its status. There seemed to be no point in overprinting
stamps, when the mark could be as easily applied to blank envelopes. It
may be that BelPoshta saw the possibility of sales to collectors?
At any rate, this (with the 5r arms stamp shown on page 1) makes a 300
airmail rate to the USA, for which I have no other examples. Sadly, the
date is not legible, but appears to be December 1994 - the 50.00/o.50
stamp was not issued until February 1994. Any
more information on the surcharged stamps would be most welcome!
In 1993 the airmail rate (to where?) went up to 600r,
and an airmail PSE was issued 45,
although I have not seen one used at this rate! This example was used
with a 900r surcharge
to the USA to make the 1500
USSR 50 kopeck envelopes were revalued by a 'fixed-value' TP mark 46.
This is on a spectacular air cover to London in April 1994 also rated
at 1500 roubles.
Equally overloaded with stamps is 48,
a 1 rouble PSE overprinted 30r, with 12 overlapping stamps to make up
Those at the foot of the cover have been cancelled with a boxed
straight line mark, of which only the bottom of the letters is legible:
I cannot even be sure whether this is in Cyrillic or Latin letters.
By January 1995 there is probably a single worldwide airmail rate, as I
have covers to the UK, the USA and Israel all with 1800
One is a 1200r surcharge 
on a 600r PSE. An alternative to the 'TP' mark, a black or violet mark 50,
'Paid according to Tariff'. Although this type of mark has been widely
used throughout the former USSR countries, this is the only example I
have seen with a Belarus postmark.
The last illustration 51
is a military or veterans 'paid' mark, which is too worn to translate
By now there are sufficient stamps available that surcharges are rarely
seen, and some of the early low value stamps are used to seal
envelopes, so I shall just list other rates that I have seen.
May and June 1996 - 2200r (Germany & Israel); July, September -
3300r (Israel & USA); November, December - 3500r (USA, UK);
February & September 1997 - 4400r (UK).
July 1995 - 2300r (Poland); August, December - 2800r (USA) [but
September 2200r - UK]; April 1996 - 3000r (USA); January 1997 - 5500r
FSU index HOME (main site)
Other Belarus Links
Although not an internet link, serious philatelists cannot be without a
good map of the area, preferably one with an index. I recommend the Ravenstein
road map of Belarus. It has a good index, taking into account German
versions of transliteration from the Cyrillic alphabet, and a scale of
1:750,000. It includes villages with population under 2000.
official site (in English) of the Belarus' Post Office, Belpochta,
has a list of stamps issued since 1992 including pictorial pre-stamped
envelopes with special stamp designs. However there are no images
earlier than 2004 at the time of writing.
site has some useful and