Two sets of Kings & Queens stamps will be issued in 2010. The House of Stewart is the third in a series that features the Kings and Queens of England, Scotland and after 1603 the United Kingdom. The first in the series was the Houses of Lancaster and York, and the second was the House of Tudor.
third instalment the series moves north of the border to the
Stewart Kings who ruled Scotland from 1406 up until the death of
Elizabeth I in 1603. With no direct descendants, Elizabeth
became the last monarch of the House of Tudor and King
James VI of Scotland acceded to the throne of England. This created The Union of the Crowns which brought England and Scotland under one monarch. James was the first cousin (twice removed) of Elizabeth and he was also the great grandson of Henry VIII’s sister Margaret Tudor who married James IV of Scotland. As the first of the Stuart Kings of England, James VI/I will be the only monarch to feature in two sets of the Kings and Queens stamps. He will also appear on the House of Stuart stamps issued in June. This, the fourth in the Kings and Queens series, looks at the Kings and Queens from James I up until the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
1st class: James I (1406-37), James II (1437-60) & James III (1460-88);
James IV (1488-1513) &
Mary (1542-1567) &
The MS takes a separate look at the life and times of the age, featuring events and individuals from the reigns.
The events featured are:
1st class Founding in 1413 of St Andrews University and in 1505 of the College of Surgeons in Edinburgh.
81p development of the Scottish legal system of justice (the Court of Session), & John Knox, a leading figure in the Reformation in 1559.
The border design features a timeline of the period.
|Acknowledgements: portraits of James I, James II and James III by unknown artists © Scottish National Portrait Gallery; James IV, 1626–34, Daniel Mytens © Private Collection; James V, c.1537, Corneille de Lyon © Private Collection; Mary Queen of Scots, 1558, François Clouet, The Royal Collection © 2009 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; James VI, 1595, Adrian Vanson (attributed)© Scottish National Portrait Gallery. MS: S Andre sive Andreapolis Scotiae Universitas Metropolitana, c.1580, John Geddy (1571–94) © National Library of Scotland; stained-glass window at the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, 1897, by Moxon & Carfrae, photography by Peter Wood; Great South Window at Parliament House, Edinburgh, 1868, artist unknown, photography by Peter Wood; John Knox, 1505–72, 1580, artist unknown (after Adrian Vanson) © National Galleries of Scotland|
Class1st Class – James I (1406-1437)
James I (1394 – 21 February 1437) was nominal King of Scotland from 4 April 1406 until his death, although his effective reign only began in May 1424. He spent the earlier part of his reign as a prisoner in England. On his release he made moves
to create a strong centralised monarchy in Scotland, and was assassinated by dissident nobles.
Class – James II (1437-1460).
James II of Scotland (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460) was the son of James I of Scotland and of Joan Beaufort (daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and of Margaret Holland). He gained the nickname "Fiery face" because of a conspicuous vermilion birthmark on his face. He was killed by the accidental explosion of one of his own cannon at the siege of Roxburgh Castle in 1460.
Class - 1st
Class – James III (1460-1488)
James III (1451/2 – 11 June 1488) was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family. By 1479 this alliance was collapsing. In 1482 leading his subjects against an English invasion, James was arrested at Lauder Bridge. He was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, and a new regime, led by 'lieutenant-general' Albany, became established. James regained power, by December 1482 but he became estranged from his wife, Margaret of Denmark, and increasingly his eldest son, favouring his second son. Matters came to a head in 1488 when he faced an army raised by the disaffected nobles at the Battle of Sauchieburn, where he was defeated and killed. His heir, the future James IV, took arms against his father, provoked by the favouritism given to his younger brother
62p – James IV
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended with the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden Field, where he became the last monarch from Great Britain to be killed in battle.
– James VI (1567-1625)
James VI (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI from 1567 to 1625, and King of England and Ireland as James I from 1603 to 1625. He became King of Scotland as James VI on 24 July 1567, when he was just thirteen months
old, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots. Regents governed during his minority, which ended officially in 1578, though he did not gain full control of his government until 1581. On 24 March 1603, as James I, he succeeded the last Tudor monarch of England and Ireland, Elizabeth I, who died without issue. He then ruled the kingdom of England, Scotland, and Ireland for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain, until his death at the age of 58
1st1st Class – St Andrews
Until the 15th century, the people of Scotland went to England or the Continent for a university education. Wishing to improve training of priests in his diocese, in 1410 the Bishop of St Andrews allowed teaching to start in his city. Papal approval of new universities was difficult to obtain, but the Scots used the split in the Church between supporters of rival popes to obtain a formal charter in 1413.
designs are by Atelier
Works, and the 27 x 37mm stamps are printed in lithography by Cartor
Printers, Meacé, France, in sheets of 25/50, perf 14 x 14.
The miniature sheet is 123 x 70mm, also perf 14 x 14. All images are Copyright Royal Mail 2010.
Mint miniature sheet
Presentation Pack (set & MS)
Set on PO FDC with any postmark shown
MS on PO FDC with any postmark shown
Set of 11 Stamp Cards unused
Postmarks available for the day of issue will be shown here. these may not be to scale. These postmarks cannot be obtained after the date of issue.
| Ref FD1011
Philatelic Bureau Official Postmark
|Ref FD1012 Linlithgow, West Lothian Official Postmark||Ref FD1012N West Lothian non-pictorial postmark.||Ref S11671 First day of issue Stirling Castle Timeline postmark||Ref M11667
House of Stewart, James Road, Birmingham - showing James VI
|Ref S11676 Perth||Ref S11677 Scone, Perthshire||Ref S11673 Linlithgow||Ref L11674 Edinburgh||Ref L11675 St Andrews, Fife|
|Ref S11672 Stirling||Ref S11670 - Jedburgh||Ref S11678 St Andrews, Fife||S11679 Stewarton, Kilmarnock||Ref: S4653
St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh
History of the Monarchy, Westminster, London SW1
Stewart Street, London N14
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This page updated 16 March 2010
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